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What sculptures are in the Parthenon?

What sculptures are in the Parthenon?

The Parthenon Sculptures

  • Dionysos from the Parthenon. James Lloyd (CC BY-NC-SA)
  • West Pediment of the Parthenon (Reconstruction) Tilemahos Efthimiadis (CC BY-SA)
  • East Pediment of the Parthenon.
  • Centaur & Lapith Metope, Parthenon.
  • Lapith & Centaur, Parthenon Metope.
  • Horsemen from the Parthenon Frieze.
  • Panathenaic Procession.

What do the Parthenon sculptures depict?

The sculptures on the east pediment tell the tale of the birth of the goddess Athena, while those on the west depict a battle between Athena and the god Poseidon to determine who would be the patron deity of Athens.

What is most significant about the Parthenon sculpture?

The Parthenon Sculptures are from Athens, Greece. The Parthenon was constructed in the 5th century BC, reflecting the power and dominance of the then city-state of Athens. It became a symbol for the modern nation state of Greece following independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832.

Where is sculpture on the Parthenon?

Since 1817 the sculptures have always been on display to the public in the British Museum, free of charge. The Parthenon sculptures as they were displayed in 1923 at the British Museum.

Who made the Parthenon sculptures?


Athens, 438–432 BC. Pheidias was the most famous sculptor of all antiquity. He is best known as the artistic director of the Athenian building programme, including the Parthenon sculptures and the colossal gold and ivory statue of Athena Parthenos that stood inside the Parthenon.

Why is the Parthenon so significant?

The Parthenon is often regarded as a monument to democracy, which was founded in Athens during this period, as well as a tribute to the Athenians’ victory in the Greco-Persian Wars (492–449 BCE).

Which is the best description of the Parthenon?

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.

What makes the Parthenon so special?

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.

Why is the Parthenon important?

What is the Parthenon made of?

Pentelic marbleParthenon / Material

What does the Parthenon stand for?

Christopher Pelling asserts that the name “Parthenon” means the “temple of the virgin goddess,” referring to the cult of Athena Parthenos that was associated with the temple.

What does Parthenon mean in Greek?

The name Parthenon derives from one of Athena’s many epithets: Athena Parthenos, meaning Virgin. Parthenon means ‘house of Parthenos’ which was the name given in the 5th century BCE to the chamber inside the temple which housed the cult statue.

What makes the Parthenon unique?

The Parthenon is unique for its proportion and for the way it was built. The Parthenon is the final result of a long course of development of the Doric order, which had begun at least 250 years earlier. It is built from Pentelic marble. The precision with which the marble was worked is astonishing.

What is Parthenon made of?

What are 5 facts about the the Parthenon?

10 Facts About the Parthenon, the Icon of Ancient Greece

  • It’s dedicated to a Greek goddess.
  • It’s not the first temple on this space.
  • For a time, it was used as a mosque.
  • Some of its greatest treasures are located in London.
  • Its name has an interesting origin.
  • It’s not actually a temple.
  • It was originally quite colorful.

Why is it called the Parthenon?

What is the Parthenon and why is it important?

Why was Parthenon built?

The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens. Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE. The decoration of the Parthenon lasted for several more years until 432 BCE.

Why is Parthenon so important?

What was the Parthenon originally used for?

a treasury
All experts agree that early on the Parthenon was used as a treasury. In subsequent centuries the building was transformed into a Byzantine church, a Roman Catholic cathedral, and later a mosque.

What did the Parthenon become a symbol of?

The Parthenon has long been upheld as a symbol of democracy. The ideal of rule by the people was established in Greece as a political system at the same time as the Parthenon was built, the mid-fifth century BCE.

What’s the importance of Parthenon?

What is so special about the Parthenon?

Why is the Parthenon famous?

Why was the Parthenon so important?