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What is the main source of waterborne diseases outbreaks in the developed countries?

What is the main source of waterborne diseases outbreaks in the developed countries?

A majority of outbreaks arise from exposure to drinking water (1) or recreational water (2), whereas others are caused by an environmental exposure to water or an undetermined exposure to water.

Where are waterborne diseases most common?

This waterborne disease is shared through contaminated water, most often in ponds and streams, but it can also be found in a town’s water supply, swimming pools, and more.

What are the 5 water borne diseases?

Water-Borne Diseases

  • Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Cholera.
  • Typhoid.
  • Amoebiasis.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Transmission.
  • Mitigation and Prevention.

What are the 4 main types of diseases associated with water in terms of their transmission mechanism?

Water-related diseases are grouped according to their transmission mechanism: water borne, water hygiene, water based, water related.

What are the causes of waterborne diseases?

Waterborne illness is primarily caused by swallowing contaminated recreational or drinking water. Many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, through person-to-person spread or breathing in contaminated water droplets.

What are 10 diseases caused by polluted water?

Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks.

What are the main causes of waterborne diseases in the US?

What is the most common waterborne disease in America?

Top 5 charts for domestically acquired waterborne diseases

  • Most common diseases. Estimated number. of illnesses.
  • Otitis externa/”swimmer’s ear” 4,670,000. 2,350,000-7,290,000.
  • Norovirus infection. 1,330,000. 5,310-5,510,000.
  • Giardiasis. 415,000.
  • Cryptosporidiosis. 322,000.
  • Campylobacteriosis. 171,000.
  • Subtotal. 6,908,000.

What are the four major types of water related diseases?

Water-related diseases: glossary

  • Cholera. THE DISEASE. Cholera, the “dirty hands disease”, is caused by the Vibro cholerae bacteria.
  • Dengue. THE DISEASE.
  • Diarrhoea. THE DISEASE.
  • Hepatitis. THE DISEASE.
  • Malaria. THE DISEASE.
  • Malnutrition. THE DISEASE.
  • Onchocerciasis. THE DISEASE.
  • Scabies. THE DISEASE.

What are the causes of waterborne disease?

What are the biggest environmental problems in the world?

Some of the key issues are:

  • Pollution.
  • Global warming.
  • Overpopulation.
  • Waste disposal.
  • Ocean acidification.
  • Loss of biodiversity.
  • Deforestation.
  • Ozone layer depletion.

What is the most common waterborne disease in the United States?

Common diseases like otitis externa (swimmer’s ear), norovirus infection, giardiasis, and cryptosporidiosis account for 95% of all waterborne illnesses.

What are 5 major environmental problems?

What are the top 5 environmental concerns for 2020?

Deforestation. Each year, the U.S. population grows by more than 1,700,000 people.

  • Air Pollution. While air quality has improved greatly in the last 50 years, it still remains an issue in many major cities with large populations.
  • Global Warming.
  • Water Pollution.
  • Natural Resource Depletion.
  • What are the top 10 environmental issues?

    That figure is increasing even as we speak!

    • Climate Change. The most controversial and political of the top 10 environmental issues is climate change.
    • Loss of Biodiversity.
    • Phosphorous and Nitrogen Cycles.
    • Water Supply.
    • Ocean Acidification.
    • Pollution.
    • Ozone Layer Depletion.
    • Overfishing.

    What are the 5 major environmental problem?

    Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 2. Desertification 3. Deforestation 4. Loss of Biodiversity 5.

    What are the five major causes of environmental problems?


    • Energy production.
    • Deforestation.
    • Mining.
    • Over population.
    • Increase in global average temperature.

    What are the 5 major environmental health?

    Clean air, stable climate, adequate water, sanitation and hygiene, safe use of chemicals, protection from radiation, healthy and safe workplaces, sound agricultural practices, health-supportive cities and built environments, and a preserved nature are all prerequisites for good health.

    What are the 5 issues that Earth Day focuses on preserving the environment?

    While Earth Day is concerned with environmental preservation in general, it focuses specifically on the following issues:

    • Climate change.
    • Pollution.
    • Deforestation.
    • Water scarcity.
    • Loss of biodiversity.
    • Soil erosion and degradation.

    What are the 4 factors affecting the environment?

    Air, water, climate, soil, natural vegetation and landforms are all environmental factors.

    What are the 3 main factors that affect your health?

    The determinants of health include: the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and. the person’s individual characteristics and behaviours.

    What is the biggest environmental problem in the world today?

    Air Pollution

    One of the biggest environmental problems today is outdoor air pollution. Research from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that an estimated 4.2 to 7 million people die from air pollution worldwide every year and that nine out of 10 people breathe air that contains high levels of pollutants.

    What are the 5 factors that influence microbial growth?

    CHAPTER 6 – Microbial Growth

    • Physical factors – temp, pH, water, oxygen, pressure.
    • Nutrients – Cell constituents and energy sources.

    What are four 4 causes of material deterioration?

    In general, the main deterioration mechanisms include: (1) erosion, (2) volume change of the material and the volume changes of the material in pores, (3) dissolution of a material and the associated chemical changes, and (4) biological processes.

    What are the 4 major factors affecting community health?