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What does Hutu and Tutsi mean?

What does Hutu and Tutsi mean?

“Hutus” were people who farmed crops, while “Tutsis” were people who tended livestock. Most Rwandans were Hutus. Gradually, these class divisions became seen as ethnic designations. Because cattle were more valuable than crops, the minority Tutsis became the local elite.

Who were the Hutu and Tutsi?

Generally speaking, Hutus were an agricultural people who lived in large family groups. The Tutsis, also known as Watutsis, were a nomadic people who began arriving in the Great Lakes region from Ethiopia some four hundred years ago.

What was the conflict between Hutu and Tutsi?

Generally, the Hutu-Tutsi strife stems from class warfare, with the Tutsis perceived to have greater wealth and social status (as well as favoring cattle ranching over what is seen as the lower-class farming of the Hutus).

How did they tell the difference between Tutsi and Hutu?

Broadly speaking, Tutsis are said to have higher cheekbones, larger skulls and longer necks than Hutus. There may also be genetic differences. Some studies have found that there are a lower proportion of people with sickle cell anemia among the Tutsis.

Are Hutus and Tutsis different races?

Column1 Are Hutu and Tutsi Different “Ethnic Groups”? Hutu and Tutsi inhabit Rwanda and Burundi in Central Africa. There are no significant linguistic or religious differences between them and they both live in mixed settlements, however, violent ethnic conflicts have erupted between these groups.

How many Tutsis are left?

Human Rights Watch (HRW, 1999, p. 15) adds another 20,000 surviving Tutsi in Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) and Tanzania. This gives a total of 150,000 Tutsi survivors.

What are the 3 main tribes of Rwanda?

In 1994, Rwanda’s population of 7 million was composed of three ethnic groups: Hutu (approximately 85 percent), Tutsi (14 percent) and Twa (1 percent).

Is Tutsi a race?

They are a Bantu-speaking ethnic group and the second largest of three main ethnic groups in Rwanda and Burundi (the other two being the largest Bantu ethnic group Hutu and the Pygmy group of the Twa). Historically, the Tutsi were pastoralists and filled the ranks of the warriors’ caste.

What race are the Hutu?


The Hutu (/ˈhuːtuː/), also known as the Abahutu, are a Bantu ethnic or social group which is native to the African Great Lakes region of Africa.

What did the Tutsis look like?

They defined “Tutsi” as anyone owning more than ten cows (a sign of wealth) or with the physical features of a longer thin nose, high cheekbones, and being over six feet tall, all of which are common descriptions associated with the Tutsi.

Where did Tutsi originally come from?

According to some historians and Tutsi scholars, the group originally came to Rwanda from Ethiopia in the 15th century. Although played down by the current government, the belief persists. To Tutsis, the genealogical lineage to Ethiopia connects them to a greater constellation including ancient Hebrews.

Where are Hutus now?

They mainly live in Rwanda, Burundi and the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, where they form one of the principal ethnic groups alongside the Tutsi and the Great Lakes Twa.

What race is Rwanda?

Are there any Tutsis left?

There are essentially two groups of Tutsi in the Congo (DRC). There is the Banyamulenge, who live in the southern tip of South Kivu. They are descendants of migrating Rwandan, Burundian and Tanzanian pastoralists.

How do you say hello in Tutsi?

Key to abbreviations: frm = formal, inf = informal, sg = singular (said to one person), pl = plural (said to more than one person).

Here is a list of daily phrases in Kinyarwanda.

English Ikinyarwanda (Kinyarwanda)
Welcome Murakaza neza
Hello (General greeting) Muraho Bite (inf)

What religion were Hutus?

The Hutu’s kinship and clan system is probably derived from Tutsi culture, as is the central importance of cattle. The Hutu and the Tutsi adhere essentially to the same religious beliefs, which include forms of animism and (today) Christianity.

What was Rwanda originally called?

At the urging of the UN, the Belgian government divided Ruanda-Urundi into two separate countries, Rwanda and Burundi.

How do you say beautiful in Rwanda?

Kinyarwanda-English Dictionary

  1. umunyaburanga (aba-) n 1 2 beautiful or handsome person , from nya- and uburanga.
  2. ubwiza n 14 beauty, glory, quality , from -iza.
  3. uburanga /uburaanga/ n 14 facial beauty, beauty , from kuranga.
  4. -iza /iizâ/ adj 1. good, fine 2.
  5. ubushongore n 14 haughtiness, pride, beauty , from kwishongora.

How do you respond to Amakuru?

Person 1: Amakuru? (How are you?) Person 2: Ni meza, murakoze. Aya we? (I’m good, thank you.

Are Tutsi Muslims?

For the first time in its history in Rwanda, Islam is accorded the same rights and freedoms as Christianity. Estimates show that there are equal numbers of Muslims among the Hutus as there are among the Tutsis.

Why did Belgium favor the Tutsis?

The Belgians believed that Tutsis were ‘superior’ to Hutus because they looked more like them. On this ground therefore, Tutsis were chosen to rule over the Hutus. Together with choosing of Tutsis to rule over the Hutus, Belgians also created further separations by favoring Tutsis over Hutus in many other factors.

Who first colonized Rwanda?

the German Empire
In 1899 Rwanda was colonised by the German Empire as it was officially incorporated into German East Africa and ruled indirectly through King Musinga’s puppet government[iv].

What is sweetheart in Kinyarwanda?

Romantic Phrases & Terms of Endearment in Kinyarwanda

English Kinyarwanda
Sweetie/cutie Icyuki
Sweetheart/lover Umukunzi
Love Urukundo
Boyfriend/girlfriend Icyane

How do you greet in Rwanda?

“Uraho” is used when you first meet someone or when you haven’t seen him/her for an extended period. For someone you see frequently, you may use the greeting “Waramutse” in the morning and “Wiriwe” in the afternoon.

How do you say I miss you in Rwanda?

This opens in a new window. Learning Kinyarwanda – Greetings and Phrases from HMS / DGHSM on Vimeo. If playback doesn’t begin shortly, try restarting your device.
Useful phrases in Kinyarwanda.

English Ikinyarwanda (Kinyarwanda)
I miss you Ndagukumbuye
I love you Ndagukunda
Get well soon Urware ubukira
Go away! Genda!