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What are landmarks of bone?

What are landmarks of bone?

Bony Landmarks

  • Epiphysis. The term epiphysis can be traced back to its root meaning.
  • Diaphysis. The term diaphysis can also be traced back to its Latin stems.
  • Tubercle. A tubercle is a small, rounded projection protruding from a bone.
  • Tuberosity.
  • Process.
  • Condyle.
  • Trochanter.
  • Heads.

What are the 6 bony landmarks?

Here are some key bony landmarks to identify:

  • Clavicle. Clavicles are more defined in some than others, but most characters should at least have a hint of them.
  • Costal Cartilage. Costal cartilage connects the sternum and the ends of the ribs.
  • Spine of Scapula.
  • 7th Cervical Vertebra.
  • Greater Trochanter.
  • Sacral Triangle.

Are bones anatomical landmarks?

When looking at anatomy we have to start with the bones. We have 206 to 213 bones in the human body. The points where bones touch the skin, we call landmarks.

What are anatomical landmarks?

Anatomical landmarks are defined as biologically meaningful loci that can be unambiguously defined and repeatedly located with a high degree of accuracy and precision. The relative location of landmarks provides a spatial map of the relative location of the features that the landmarks represent.

What is bony landmark examples?

Some Clinically Relevant Bony Landmarks
clavicle used to locate the subclavian vein for insertion of central intravenous catheters. Also used to find jugular veins.
posterior superior iliac spine site of bone marrow biopsy.
spinal curvatures used to assess for kyphosis and lordosis.

What are the major landmarks of the femur?


  • femoral head.
  • neck.
  • trochanters.
  • intertrochanteric crest.
  • intertrochanteric line.

What is the bony landmark of vertebrae?

The vertebral arch forms the lateral and posterior aspects of each vertebra. The vertebral arch consists of multiple bony projections. The pedicles form the base of the arch. The pedicles connect the vertebral body to the transverse processes.

Why are anatomical landmarks important?

Anatomical landmarks determine homologous parts of an organism, which share a common ancestry.

Which bony landmarks can be palpated?

Which bony landmarks can be palpated on the anterior surface of the body, close to the midline? The pubic tubercles meet close to the midline of the body. The palpable hip bone projections in the front of the body felt when you put your hands on your hips are the posterior inferior iliac spines.

What is the bony landmark of femur?

The lesser trochanter is a small, bony prominence that lies on the medial aspect of the femur, just below the neck. A single, powerful muscle attaches to the lesser trochanter. Running between the greater and lesser trochanters on the anterior side of the femur is the roughened intertrochanteric line.

What are the bony landmarks of the scapula?

Important bony landmarks on the scapula include:

  • Acromion.
  • Coracoid process.
  • Spine of the scapula.
  • Superior angle.
  • Inferior angle.
  • Lateral border.
  • Medial border.
  • Supraspinous fossa.

What is the bony landmark of the femur?

Is scapula a bony landmark?

Bony landmarks of the scapula and clavicle – YouTube

Which 3 bony landmarks form a triangle at the knee?

Bony Landmarks of the Knee

  • Patella – palpate the superior and inferior poles of the patella, noting its position and mobility.
  • Tibial tuberosity – palpate for the attachment of the patellar tendon.
  • Femoral condyles – palpate the medial and lateral femoral condyles.

What is the anatomical landmark of the shoulder?

Bony Landmarks of the Shoulder

Clavicle – medial to lateral, comparing both sides. Acromioclavicular joint – the articulation between the distal end of the clavicle and the acromion of the scapula. Acromion – just lateral to the acromioclavicular joint; a triangular process jutting out over the glenohumeral joint.

What are the bony landmarks of the shoulder joint?

What bony landmark is found on the posterior side of the scapula?

The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. It arches over the glenohumeral joint and articulates with the lateral acromial end of the clavicle to make up the synovial acromioclavicular joint.

Is the coracoid process a bony landmark?

The coracoid process is significant as a bony landmark in many surgical procedures around the shoulder joint. The coracoid is used by surgeons for graft in coracoid transfer procedure for shoulder instability and also for coracoacromial (CC) ligament reconstruction procedures1–3.